REVIEW OF CYBER POLICIES PROTECTING WOMEN AND CHILDREN ONLINE

The use of ICTs has enabled users to enjoy their rights online through governments providing access
to internet usage. A number of governments do not take keen steps in those who destabilize the ability
for others to enjoy internet freedoms. There has been an increase in rights violations online where
intimidation of users, women, and children inclusive has been shown.

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The intimidation of online users has undermined socio-economic and political development worldwide. Africa is assumed to have the lowest ICT usage figures compared to other regions and it also experiences a deep digital
divide. The moves seen in some countries hamper access and affordability as well as unduly restrict citizens’ rights to free speech, privacy, and access to information. This, therefore, undermines the efforts to bridge the digital divide.

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Although many African countries have experienced internet or social media shutdowns, a dent
thus disrupting communications. This is quite worrying because many governments are raising
surveillance capacity to guide interception of communications or user information requests. An act
of technology-related violence against women and girls including non-consensual accessing, using,
manipulating, disseminating, or sharing of private data, information and/or content, photographs
and/or videos, including sexualized images, audio clips and/or video clips or photoshopped images
is an act of technology-related violence against women and girls.
In Uganda, the use of the internet has increased over the years with more than 11 million users
providing a landscape that facilitates abuse of human rights especially among women and children

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